The practice of utilizing skilled practitioners to facilitate overcoming sexual anxiety and difficulties began thousands of years ago with the Hindu tantricas, Greek sacred goddesses, Japanese geishas and the Venetian courtesans.
The story of the modern western concept of the sex surrogate begins with Sigmund Freud’s theory of psycho-sexual development. Freud believed that early childhood experiences of conflict could follow a person into adulthood and develop into relationship issues if not resolved. Later, Alfred Kinsey broke through repressive cultural and scientific boundaries by interviewing a population of thousands regarding their sexual activities. For the first time, despite many social protests, Kinsey developed a scientific database portraying the wide range of human sexual behavior and preferences.
In the 1970s, Masters and Johnson continued this evolution by insisting that sex should be studied as a science. They observed hundreds of couples in the act of making love, recorded the details and compiled the data. Masters and Johnson then created methods whereby sexually dissatisfied subjects could be taught techniques to behave and think in sexually beneficial ways.
It was from this scientific research that the techniques currently incorporated into sex surrogate therapy were developed, refined and practiced by groups such as the Bay Area Surrogates Association (BASA), the International Professional Surrogates Association (IPSA), and the Society for the Scientific Study of Human Sexuality (SSSS). Today, there are only about 50 IPSA-certified Surrogate Partner Therapists.